Hazrat Ali (R.A)
NAME : Ali
FATHER NAME : Hazrat Abu Talib
MOTHER NAME : Hazrat Fatima Binte Asad
BIRTH DATE : 13th Rajab, born inside KABAH (10 yrs bfr the raising of Prophet)
AGE : 63 Years
DIED ON : Morning of 21st Ramadhan 40th Hijrah
DEATH PLACE: Masjid-e-Kufa
HOLY SHRINE: Najaf-e-Ashraf (IRAQ)
Who Is Hazrat Ali R.A?
If we start defining who is Hazrat Ali R.Z in Islam we cannot end at anyone point because:
• He is a cousin of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH
• He is a son-in-law of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH
• He is a fourth caliph of Islam
• He is a son of Abu Talib, the uncle of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH
• He is a husband of the beloved daughter of Muhammad PBUH
• He is a father of Hazrat Imam Hussain R.A, Hazrat Iman Hassan R.A
• Hazrat Ali R.A is first among children who embraced Islam
• He is the most beloved caliph of Muhammad PBUH
• He is the fifth member of Ahl-e-Bayt (The households of Muhammad PBUH)
Hazrat Ali R.A was born inside of Kaaba in Mecca. His father Abu Talib (uncle of Muhammad PBUH) was the custodian of Kaaba and was respectful leader of Bani Hashim, the branch of Quraish Tribe which is the most powerful tribe of Arab. Hazrat Muhammad PBUH was the first person, Hazrat Ali R.A saw after birth. He did not open His eyes for three days after birth until Muhammad PBUH carried Him in hands. Hazrat Muhammad PBUH named Him as Ali, “The exalted one”.
He was the first child who embraced Islam when He was only ten years old and accepted the prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH. He started living with Muhammad PBUH since childhood. He devoted his life for Islam by accompanying Hazrat Muhammad PBUH throughout the establishment of Islam in Arab and other regions of the world. He migrated from Mecca to Madina right after Muhammad PBUH did. Hazrat Muhammad gave His daughter to Hazrat Ali R.A in marriage. He had three children, Hazrat Imam Hassan, Hazrat Imam Hussain and a daughter.
Soon a full scale war started. Hundreds of Muslims fell on each side. Hadrat Ali (R.A.) was greatly pained at the situation. He tried to stop the battle but the battle had already flared up.
In the dawn the troops of Hadrat 'Aisha (R.A.) apprised her of the situation and suggested that she should mount on a camel in Hijab (Pardah) so that the situation might ease. But it worked the other way and Basrites thought tfiat Hadrat Aisha came in the field to fight with them. During the fight Hadrat Ali reminded Talha and Zubair(R.A.) the words of the Holy Prophet: "One day you (Talha and Zubair) will fight Ali wrongly." They remembered the saying and left the battlefield but when Talha was leaving the field somebody rained arrows on him and he was killed.
When the fight did not come to an end Hadrat Ali (R.A.) ordered one of his men to cut the hind legs of the camel on which Hadrat 'Aisha was mounting in a "howdah". The order of Hadrat Ali was carried out and the camel fell on its forelegs. Hadrat 'Aisha was taken out of the "howdah" with due respect. The battle came to an end in favour of Hadrat Ali (R.A.). Hadrat Aisha (R.A.) was sent with due respect to Medina escorted by her own brother, Muhammad bin Abi Bakr. In this battle about ten thousand Muslims on both sides lost their lives. Hadrat Ali (R.A.) felt deeply moved because of the loss of Muslim blood. Hadrat Zubair who had already left the field after remembering the Holy Prophet's saying was going to Mecca. He stopped in a valley to perform his Salat, but was slain by a man, named Amr bin Jarmoz while he was busy in his Salat. When Hadrat Ali came to know, he rebuked the murderer by saying: "I have seen him fight for the Prophet of Allah several times. I give the murderer the news of hell-fire."
After the battle he took pledge of loyalty from the people of Basrah and appointed Hadrat Abdullah bin Abbas as the governor of Basrah. He gave general amnesty to all those who fought against him including Marwan bin Hakam and other persons of Banu Umayyah family. The address which Hadrat Ali (R.A.) gave at Jami' Mosque of Basrah before the Bai'at (pledge of loyalty) moved the Muslims, and they were convinced that Ali (R.A.) was a just Khalifah.
Battle of Siffin